Friday, July 4, 2014

US MILITARY'S GOLF COURSES: WAY TO SEE U.S. EMPIRE

MOTHER JONES


Green Zones: A Map of the US Military's Golf Courses

From California to the Korean DMZ, the Pentagon runs nearly 200 golf courses.

| Thu Jan. 16, 2014 7:00 AM EST
The United States military is undeniably massive. In 2012, the Pentagon spent 4.4 percent of our GDP on defense, with hundreds of billions going to contractors for assorted weapons, equipment, and essentials. What is not known is exactly how much money funds the military's international golf habit. Mother Jones has found that the Pentagon currently operates at least 194 golf courses and 2,874 holes of golf worldwide. Hover over any flag to tee up more information about the location, name, and size of these courses.
Source: See all data
Nearly all of the military golf courses are on US bases. Unsurprisingly, most are in the United States. However, greens can also be found throughout the Middle East, the Caribbean, Europe, and Asia. They somewhat coincide with strategic military locations, leaving states like Florida, Hawaii, and Virginia and countries like Germany and Japan covered with flags. The military's Morale, Warfare, and Recreation and Marine Corps Community Services programs, which run the courses (as well as library programs, youth programs, fitness centers, and bowling alleys), say they are designed to maintain troop morale and combat readiness during stressful situations or down time.
According to MWR officials, military golf courses must "generally" be self-supporting; however, they are quite expensive to run. As journalist Nick Turse pointed out in 2008, fairways and greens regularly need refurbishing. The US Golf Association estimates a standard 18-hole course can cost around $384,000 to $636,000 a year in maintenance fees. (Building a golf course can cost $1.6 to $4.5 million.) Just last year, the Pelican Bay Golf Course at Florida's Tyndall Air Force Base shut down after running a $270,000 average annual deficit since 2006.
The quality of military golf courses can differ dramatically, ranging from the sprawling 54-hole championship complex outside Andrews Air Force Base in Washington, DC, to a couple of holes plopped in the highlands of Mosul, Iraq. The terrain is further varied. The military operates its golf courses in volcanoes, surrounded by landmines, and just outside the notorious detention center inGuantanamo Bay. It also boasts the "World's Most Dangerous Golf Course"—a singlepar 3 just below the demilitarized zone separating North and South Korea.
Estimates of the total number of courses vary. In 1975, Wisconsin Sen. William Proxmire called out the Pentagon for spending $14 million a year to maintain 300 courses. Today, the most commonly reported number of courses is 234, but a thorough search turned up 194.
For more information, check out our list of military golf courses below. If you know of a course that's not here, leave a comment.
 
BASELOCATIONCOURSECOURSESHOLESBRANCH
Fort RuckerAlabamaSilver Wings327Army
Redstone ArsenalAlabamaLinks at Redstone236Army
Maxwell Air Force BaseAlabamaCypress Tree236Air Force
Joint Base Elmendorf-RichardsonAlaksaMoose Run Hill and Creek236Air Force, Army
Fort WainwrightAlaskaChena Bend118Army
Fort HuachucaArizonaMountain View118Army
Davis-Monthan Air Force BaseArizonaBlanchard Course118Air Force
Luke Air Force BaseArizonaFalcon Dunes118Air Force
Pine Bluff ArsenalArkansasPine Haven19Army
Little Rock Air Force BaseArkansasDeer Run118Air Force
Naval Air Station North IslandCaliforniaSea 'n' Air118Navy
Naval Base San DiegoCaliforniaAdmiral Baker218Navy
Naval Weapons Station Seal BeachCaliforniaNavy Golf Course227Navy
Naval Air Weapons Station China LakeCaliforniaChina Lake Golf Course118Navy
Naval Base Ventura County at Port HuenemeCaliforniaSeabee118Navy
Naval Support Activity MontereyCaliforniaMonterey Pines118Navy
Beale Air Force BaseCaliforniaCoyote Run118Air Force
Edwards Air Force BaseCaliforniaMuroc Lake118Air Force
Travis Air Force BaseCaliforniaCypress Lake118Air Force
Vandenberg Air Force BaseCaliforniaMarshallia Ranch Golf Course118Air Force
Marine Corps Air Ground Combat Center 29 PalmsCaliforniaDesert Winds118Marines
Marine Corps Logistics Base BarstowCaliforniaTees N Trees19Marines
Marine Corps Air Station MiramarCaliforniaMCAS Miramar Golf Course118Marines
Marine Corps Base Camp PendletonCaliforniaMarine Memorial Golf Course118Marines
Fort CarsonColoradoCheyenne Shadows118Army
United States Air Force AcademyColoradoEisenhower Golf Club218Air Force
Peterson Air Force BaseColoradoSilver Spruce Golf Course118Air Force
Naval Submarine Base New LondonConnecticutGoose Run19Navy
Joint Task Force GuantanamoCubaLateral Hazards118All
Andrews Air Force BaseD.C.East, South, and North354Air Force
Dover Air Force BaseDelawareEagle Creek118Air Force
Royal Air Force LakenheathEnglandBreckland Pines19Air Force
Naval Air Station PenscaloaFloridaA.C. Read327Navy
Naval Air Station Whiting FieldFloridaWhiting Field Golf course118Navy
Naval Station MayportFloridaWindy Harbor Golf Club118Navy
Naval Air Station JacksonvilleFloridaJackonsville Golf Club19Navy
Eglin Air Force BaseFloridaEglin Golf Course236Air Force
Hurlburt FieldFloridaGator Lakes118Air Force
MacDill Air Force BaseFloridaBay Palms Golf Complex218Air Force
Patrick Air Force BaseFloridaManatee Cove118Air Force
Fort BenningGeorgiaThe Bradley, The Marshall, and The Patton327Army
Fort GordonGeorgiaGordon Lakes Golf Club39Army
Fort McPherson-GIllemGeorgiaFort McPherson Golf Course118Army
Fort StewartGeorgiaTaylor's Creek118Army
Hunter Army Air FieldGeorgiaHunter Golf Club118Air Force
Naval Submarine Base Kings BayGeorgiaTrident Lakes118Navy
Moody Air Force BaseGeorgiaQuiet Pines19Air Force
Robins Air Force BaseGeorgiaPine Oaks118Air Force
United States Army Garrison BambergGermanyWhispering Pines19Army
Edelweiss Lodge and ResortGermanyAlpental118Army
Garrison HeidelbergGermanyHeidelberg Golf Club118Army
Garrison StuttgartGermanyStuttgart Golf Course118Army
Garrison WiesbadenGermanyRheinblick Golf Course118Army
Ramstein Air BaseGermanyWoodlawn118Air Force
Spangdahlem Air BaseGermanyEifel Mountain118Air Force
Andersen Air Force BaseGuamPalm Tree Golf Course118Air Force
Fort Shafter and Schofield BarracksHawaiiLeilehua and Walter J. Nagorski227Army
Joint Base Pearl Harbor-HickamHawaiiKe'alohi and Mamala345Air Force, Navy
Marine Corps Base Kaneohe BayHawaiiKaneohe Klipper118Marines
Mountain Home Air Force BaseIdahoSilver Sage Golf Course118Air Force
Naval Station Great LakesIllinoisWillow Glen118Navy
Scott Air Force BaseIllinoisCardinal Creek118Air Force
Naval Surface Warfare Center CraneIndianaEagle View118Navy
MosulIraqAl-Kindi12Army
Naval Support Activity NaplesItalyCarney Park19Navy
Aviano Air Force BaseItalyAlpine19Air Force
Camp ZamaJapanCamp Zama118Army
Marine Corps Air Station IwakuniJapan118Marines
Naval Air Facility AtsugiJapanAtsugi Golf Course118Navy
Misawa Air BaseJapanGosser Memorial118Air Force
Yokota Air BaseJapanTama Hills118Air Force
Kadena Air Force BaseJapanBanyan Tree Golf Course118Air Force
Marine Corps Community Services OkinawaJapanTaiyo118Marines
Fort LeavenworthKansasTrails West118Army
Fort RileyKansasCuster HIll118Army
Fort CampbellKentuckyCole Park118Army
Fort KnoxKentuckyLindsey Golf Course118Army
Fort PolkLouisianaWarrior Hills Golf Course118Army
Barksdale Air Force BaseLouisianaFox Run118Air Force
United States Naval AcademyMarylandNaval Academy Golf Club118Navy
Naval Air Station Patuxent RiverMarylandCedar Point118Navy
Naval Surface Warfare Center Indian HeadMarylandNaval Surface Warefare Center Golf Course118Navy
Aberdeen Proving GroundMarylandRuggles118Army
Hanscom Air Force BaseMassachusettsPatriot Golf Course19Air Force
United States Coast Guard Air Station Cape CodMassachusettsFalcon19Coast Guard
Selfridge Air National Guard BaseMichiganSelfridge Golf Course118Air Force
Naval Air Station MeridianMississippiPonta Creek118Navy
Columbus Air Force BaseMississippiWhispering Pines19Air Force
Keesler Air Force BaseMississippiBay Breeze118Air Force
Fort Leonard WoodMissouriPiney Valley118Army
Whiteman Air Force BaseMissouriRoyal Oaks118Air Force
Offutt Air Force BaseNebraskaWillow Lakes118Air Force
Nellis Air Force BaseNevadaSunrise Vista118Air Force
Joint Base McGuire-Fort Dix-LakehurstNew JerseyFountain Green, Falcon Creek, and Pine Ridge345Air Force, Army, Navy
Picatinny ArsenalNew JerseyPicatinny Golf Course118Army
White Sands Missile RangeNew MexicoWhite Sands19Army
Cannon Air Force BaseNew MexicoWhispering Winds118Air Force
Kirtland Air Force BaseNew MexicoTijeras Arroyo118Air Force
Holloman Air Force BaseNew MexicoApache Mesa19Air Force
United States Military Academy West PointNew YorkWest Point Golf Course118Army
Fort BraggNorth CarolinaRyder and Stryker236Army
Seymour Johnson Air Force BaseNorth CarolinaThree Eagles118Air Force
Marine Corps Base Camp LejeuneNorth CarolinaParadise Point Scarlet and Gold236Marines
Marine Corps Air Station Cherry PointNorth CarolinaSound of Freedom118Marines
Pope Air Force BaseNorth CarolinaWillow Lakes118Air Force
Grand Forks Air Force BaseNorth DakotaPlainsview19Air Force
Minot Air Force BaseNorth DakotaRough Rider19Air Force
Defense Supply Center ColumbusOhioEagle Eye19Army
Wright-Patterson Air Force BaseOhioPrairie Trace and Twin Base345Air Force
Fort SillOklahomaFort Sill118Army
Altus Air Force BaseOklahomaWindy Trails118Air Force
Tinker Air Force BaseOklahomaTinker Golf Course118Air Force
Carlisle BarracksPennsylvaniaCarlisle Barracks Golf Course118Army
Fort BuchananPuerto RicoFort Buchanan Golf Club19Army
Arizona Golf ResortSaudi Arabia19Army
Fort JacksonSouth CarolinaWildcat and Hickory236Army
Joint Base CharlestonSouth CarolinaRedbank Plantation and Wrenwoods236Air Force, Navy
Shaw Air Force BaseSouth CarolinaCarolina Lakes118Air Force
Marine Corps Recruit Depot Parris IslandSouth CarolinaThe Legends Golf Course118Marines
Ellsworth Air Force BaseSouth DakotaPrarie Ridge19Air Force
Camp WalkerSouth Korea19Army
Camp Red CloudSouth Korea19Army
Camp CaseySouth Korea19Army
YongsamSouth KoreaSung Nam Golf Club118Army
Camp BonifasSouth Korea11Army
Kunsan Air BaseSouth KoreaWest Winds19Air Force
Osan Air BaseSouth KoreaThe Lakes118Air Force
Naval Station RotaSpainCaptain Jack Dennis Memorial118Navy
Naval Support Activity Mid-southTennesseeGlen Eagles118Navy
Arnold Air Force BaseTennesseeArnold Golf course19Air Force
Fort BlissTexasUnderwood Golf complex, Sunrise and Sunset Courses236Army
Fort HoodTexasArmadillo Hill, Deer Run, and Panther Claw327Army
Fort Sam HoustonTexasThe La Loma and Salado Del Rio236Army
Naval Air Station Corpus ChristiTexasGulf Winds118Navy
Dyess Air Force BaseTexasMesquite Grove118Air Force
Lackland Air Force BaseTexasGateway Hills118Air Force
Laughlin Air Force BaseTexasLeaning Pine19Air Force
Randolph Air Force BaseTexasRandolph Oaks Golf Course118Air Force
Sheppard Air Force BaseTexasWind Creek118Air Force
Incirlik Air Force BaseTurkeyHodja Lakes Golf Course19Air Force
Dugway Proving GroundUtah19Army
Hill Air Force BaseUtahHubbard Memorial Course118Air Force
Fort BelvoirVirginiaWoodlawn and Gunston218Army
Fort LeeVirginiaThe Cardinal327Army
Naval Air Station OceanaVirginiaHornet and Tomcat218Navy
Joint Expeditionary Base Little Creek-Fort StoryVirginiaEagle Haven118Navy
Naval Station NorfolkVirginiaSewell's Point118Navy
Naval Weapons Station Yorktown - Cheatham AnnexVirginiaDeer Cove118Navy
Joint Base Langley-EustisVirginiaThe Pines and Eaglewood345Air Force, Army
Marine Corps Base QuanticoVirginiaMedal of Honor118Marines
Naval Air Station Whidbey IslandWashingtonNAS Whidbey Gallery Golf Course118Navy
Joint Base Lewis-McChordWashingtonEagle's Pride and Whispering Firs345Air Force, Army
F.E. Warren Air Force BaseWyomingWarren Golf Course118Air Force